👉 look at the most common car engine cylinder layouts.
There are so many different layouts of internal combustion engine.
An inline layout is when the cylinders are arranged side-by-side in an upright position across the engine bay, perpendicular to the car. This allows for a small, compact engine, with other components (radiator, battery, cooling system) fitted around the outside. Inline engines are the most common form of engine, and are found on most hatchbacks and small family cars.
In a straight engine, the cylinders are arranged in a line parallel to the car from front to back. This arrangement allows for more cylinders, and straight engines are commonly found in powerful saloon cars, such as BMW and Mercedes.
A ‘V’ engine refers to the shape at which the cylinders are arranged when viewed from the front. The cylinders in a V engine are mounted on their side at a 60° angle, with two rows facing outwards, connected by a crankshaft at the base of the V shape. Because it’s possible to squeeze a lot of cylinders onto a V-style engine, they’re commonly found on supercars and other premium vehicles.
A VR engine shares a common cylinder head for two offset banks of cylinder. It has a specific sound that is unique and different than either inline or V engines. The engine was in use in a variety of VW Seat Audi models. VW has developed a series of compound VR engines reffered to as W engines.
A boxer engine layout is when the cylinders are mounted horizontally. Though not very common, boxer engines are highly-regarded for offering a low-centre of gravity within the engine bay, which aids handling. the manufacturers of boxer cylinder engines is Porsche and Subaru.
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